This article is machine translated.
In Contao, a finished design is called a “theme”, which means “theme” or “motif” in German, but in fact, even in this country, the English term “Theme” is mainly used for graphical user interfaces, so there is no really adequate German translation. You manage your Contao themes with the theme manager.
A theme combines all design-relevant elements of a website:
Unlike stylesheets, frontend modules, page layouts and image sizes that are stored in the database, files and templates are located in a subdirectory of your Contao installation. A template is a PHP file that you can use to specify the HTML output of a certain element or module.
When selecting the files, make sure that you only link those files to the theme that actually belong to the design. The Contao upload directory contains all user files, including background images and icons as well as photos, videos, PDF documents, Word files, etc. The distinction between design and content is up to you in the file system alone in your preferred organizational approach.
The operation of the Theme Manager works just like most other backend modules, using navigation icons.
Theme title: Here you enter the theme title.
The title of a theme is displayed in the backend overview and is also used as the file name during theme export. It is therefore advisable to include the version number of a theme in the title - of course only if versioning is important to you in this context.
Author: Here you can enter the name of the theme designer.
Folder: Here you can select which folders from the Contao upload directory belong to the theme. The resources linked here are exported with the theme export.
Templates folder: Here you can link a specific subfolder from the templates folder to the theme. The customized templates contained in this folder will then also be exported.
Screenshot: Here you can select a screenshot for the theme overview.
The export of a theme is triggered by clicking on the corresponding navigation icon in the theme overview. Contao offers you a
.ctofile for download that you can save on your local computer. The file extension “cto” is proprietary, but it is a normal ZIP archive that you can unpack with any ZIP utility.
The theme file contains the following resources:
|theme.xml||This XML file contains all records from the Contao database that are related to the theme or its components.|
|files||This folder contains all files from the Contao upload directory that have been associated with the theme. It does not matter whether the upload directory in your installation is actually
|templates||This folder contains all the files from the Templates directory that have been linked to the theme. If there are no customized templates, the folder does not appear in the export file.|
To import a theme, click on the Import Theme button in the Theme Manager, select the file and start the import process.
Contao then performs a series of checks to detect possible incompatibilities between the theme and your Contao installation.
The review shall include in particular
If a theme contains tables or fields that do not exist in your Contao database (e.g. because a certain third-party extension is not installed), these data will be ignored during import. So make sure that all extensions included in the theme are installed and up to date at the time of import.
Customized templates also offer a lot of potential for conflict, unless they are managed in a unique subfolder separation. Existing templates are overwritten during the theme import - after a warning.
After a theme has been successfully imported, all you need to do is activate it so that it is displayed in the frontend: “Activate” refers to the assignment of one of the page layouts of the new theme to a page in the page structure. As you already know from the previous instructions, the merging of design and content takes place in the Page Structure, and the Page Layout determines the layout of a page.
For illustration purposes, the theme “Contao Official Demo” was imported and the page layout “2 columns - [ default ]” was assigned to the starting point of the website in the page structure.
The easiest way to find commercial themes is to use Google, for example by using the search term “Contao themes” (with or without a hyphen). The company Feyer Media GmbH & Co KG by Contao initiator Leo Feyer offers commercial themes that were partly created by himself and partly by other providers. There is also an online demo of these themes where you can quickly get an impression of the designs. Another provider of themes is the company RockSolid Themes from core developer Martin Auswöger.
Despite all the theme euphoria, it should also be said that themes - just like third-party extensions - are always a potential gateway for hackers. After all, you upload files from other people to your server without knowing exactly what is stored there. Therefore, only install themes from trusted vendors and make sure to read the security advisories in the Contao blog.