Message management

This article is machine translated.

The news management is a separate module in the backend, which you can find in the group “Contents”, where you can create several archives, which in turn contain the individual news or blog entries. By using several archives, it is possible to categorize the posts.

News archives

Archives are used to group and/or categorize messages. Each archive can refer to a specific language or topic.

To create a new news archive click on New Create a new message archive.

Title and forwarding

Title: The title of a news archive is used in the backend overview.

Forwarding page: Here you can define the page to which a visitor is forwarded when clicking on the read more link of a post. The target page should contain the “News reader” module to display the complete article.

Access protection

Just like content elements, news or blog posts can also be protected. Only registered members will be able to view the archive entries.

Protect archive: Here you can activate the access protection.

Allowed member groups: Here you define which member groups should have access to the posts after logging in to the frontend.

Comments

You already know the Contao comment function from the content element with the same name comments. It is also available for news and blog posts and should be activated if you use the extensions as a blog.

Activate comments: Here you activate the comment function for the archive.

Notification on: Here you can specify whether the system administrator, the author of a post or both are to be notified when new comments are made.

Sorting: Here you can determine the order of the comments. Normally the oldest comment is shown first in a blog (ascending order).

Comments per page: Here you can set the number of comments per page. Contao automatically creates a page break when it is needed.

Moderate comments: If you select this option, comments will not appear on the website immediately, but only after you have enabled them in the back end.

Allow BBCode: If you select this option, your visitors can use BBCode to format their comments. The following tags are supported:

Day Statement
[b][/b] Boldface
[i][/i] Italics
[u][/u] Underlined
[img][/img] Insert picture
[code][/code] Insert program code
[color=#f00][/color] Coloured text
[quote][/quote] Insert quote
[quote=Tim][/quote] Insert quote with mention of the author
[url][/url] Insert link
[url=http://example.com][/url] Insert link with link title
[email][email] Insert e-mail address
[email=info@example.com][/email] Insert e-mail address with title

Login required for commenting: If you select this option, only logged in members can add comments. However, comments already submitted will still be visible to all visitors of the website.

Disable spam protection: By default, visitors have to answer a security question when creating comments, so that the comment function cannot be misused for spam purposes. However, if you want to allow only logged in members to comment, you can disable the security question here. Since Contao 4.4, this question is only “displayed” to spambots.

RSS feeds

Every news or blog archive can be exported as RSS/Atom feed if desired. RSSFeeds are XML files containing your contributions, which can be subscribed to with an RSS reader and integrated into another website, for example.

The feeds can be integrated via the page layout in the header of the page. The “header” is not the header of your page layout, but the tag head of the HTML source code.

Furthermore, the XML file can also be opened directly in the browser.

The URL is:

www.example.com/share/feed-alias.xml

The XML file of the feed consists of the following information:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<rss version="2.0" xmlns:media="http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">
    <channel>
        <title>Feed-Titel</title>
        <description>Feed-Beschreibung</description>
        <link>http://www.domain.de/</link>
        <language>Feed-Sprache</language>
        <pubDate></pubDate>
        <generator>Contao Open Source CMS</generator>
        <atom:link href="https://www.domain.de/share/feed-alias.xml" rel="self" type="application/rss+xml" />
        <item>
            <title>Titel der Nachricht</title>
            <description><![CDATA[<p>Beschreibung der Nachricht.</p>]]></description>
            <link>https://www.domain.de/nachricht/alias-der-nachricht.html</link>
            <pubDate></pubDate>
            <guid>https://www.domain.de/nachricht/alias-der-nachricht.html</guid>
        </item></channel>
</rss>

To create a new feed click on RSS Feeds Manage RSS feeds and then on New Create a new feed.

Title and language

Title: The title is output as a feed title in the XML file.

Feed Alias: The alias of a feed is used as the file name.

Feed language: Here you can enter the language of the feed.

News archives

News archives: Here you define which news archives are included in the feed.

Feed settings

Feed format: Here you can define the format of the feed. Contao supports RSS 2.0 and Atom, the two most popular formats.

Export settings: Here you can specify whether only the teaser texts of the posts or the complete posts are exported as feed.

Maximum number of contributions: Here you can limit the number of posts of the feed. Usually about 25 posts per feed are sufficient. Most of the time only the first three to five are actually used anyway.

Base URL: The base URL is especially important in multi-domain operation, if you run several websites with one Contao installation. To make sure that the feed links to the correct domain, you can enter it here.

Feed description: Here you can enter a description of the feed.

News items

This section explains how to create a news item. News items are generally sorted by date, so there are no icons to change the order.

The news items consist of the settings for the items (“Message List”) and their contents (“Message Reader”).

To create a new post, click on the desired archive Edit message archive and then on Create a new post New.

Title and Author

Titles: Here you can enter the title of the message.

Message aliases: The alias of a post is a unique and meaningful reference that you can use to view it in your browser.

Author: Here you can change the author of the post.

Date and time

Date: Enter the date of the contribution here.

Time: Enter the time of the post here.

Metadata

This feature is only available in Contao 4.7 and later.

Meta-title: Here you can enter an individual meta-title to overwrite the default page title.

Meta description: Here you can enter an individual meta description to override the default page description.

Subheading and Teaser

Subheading: Here you can enter an optional subheading.

Teaser text: Here you can enter a short summary of the news item (teaser), which can then be displayed, for example, with the module “News list”, followed by a link to the actual post.

Image settings

Add an image: You can add an image to your post if you wish.

source file: Here you select the image to be inserted. If you have not yet uploaded the image to the server, you can upload it directly in the pop-up window without leaving the input mask.

Add an image to a post

Image size: Here you can specify the image size. You can choose between the following scaling modes:

Relative format
Proportional The longer side of the image is adapted to the given dimensions and the image is proportionally reduced.
Fit to frame The shorter side of the image is adjusted to the given dimensions and the image is proportionally reduced.
Exact format
Important part Keeps the important part of the image as specified in the file management.
Left / Top Preserves the left part of a landscape image and the upper part of a portrait image.
Middle / Top Preserves the central part of a landscape image and the upper part of a portrait image.
Right / Top Preserves the right part of a landscape image and the upper part of a portrait image.
Left / Center Preserves the left part of a landscape image and the center part of a portrait image.
Center / Center Preserves the central part of a landscape image and the central part of a portrait image.
Right / Middle Preserves the right part of a landscape image and the center part of a portrait image.
Left / Bottom Preserves the left part of a landscape image and the lower part of a portrait image.
Center / Bottom Preserves the middle part of a landscape image and the lower part of a portrait image.
Right / Bottom Preserves the right part of a landscape image and the lower part of a portrait image.

Image Alignment: Here you set the alignment of the image. If it is inserted
above above,under below,left-justified left-aligned orright-justified right-aligned. When left- or right-aligned, the text flows around the image (as symbolized by the icon).

Image distance: Here you define the distance between the image and the text. The order of the input fields is clockwise “top, right, bottom, left”.

Large View/New Window: If this option is selected, the image will be opened in its original size when clicked. This option is not available for linked images.

Overwrite metadata: Here you can overwrite the metadata from the file manager.

Alternative text: Here you can enter an alternative text for the image (alt attribute). Accessible web pages should contain a short description for each object, which will be displayed if the object itself cannot be displayed. Alternative texts are also evaluated by search engines and are therefore an important tool for onpage optimization.

Image title: Here you can enter the title of the image (title attribute).

Image link address: When you click on a linked image, you will be redirected to the specified target page (corresponds to an image link). Please note that for a linked image a lightbox full view is no longer possible.

caption: Here you can enter a caption.

Attachments

Enclosures, also known as “Enclosures” in connection with RSS feeds, are files that are linked to an article; these files are both exported in the RSS feed and offered for download on the website.

Add Enclosures: Here you can activate the adding of attachments.

Enclose: Here you select the files you want to link to the post.

Forwarding destination

The redirection destination determines which page a visitor is redirected to when clicking on a post, usually the page where the frontend module “message reader” is integrated to display the complete post.

Forwarding destination: Here you define the forwarding destination.

Forwarding page: Here you select the target page from the page structure.

Articles: Here you select the target article.

Link address: Here you enter the URL of the external target page.

Open in a new window: Here you can determine whether the external target page will be opened in a new browser window or not.

Forwarding destination Declaration
Standard You will be redirected to the page you specified in the archive settings. On this page the frontend module “news reader” should be included.
Page The redirection is to a specific page in the page structure.
Article The redirection is to a specific article.
Individual URL The redirection is to an individual URL.

Expert settings

In this section the highlighting of contributions is particularly interesting. Highlighted articles allow the creation of a “virtual archive”, which contains only the highlighted articles from the various archives. This allows you to display a comprehensive list of important messages on the home page, for example.

CSS class: Here you can add a CSS class to the post.

Disable comments: Here you can deactivate the comment function for a post.

Highlight post: Here you can mark a post as highlighted.

Publication

As long as an article is not published, it will not be displayed in the frontend. You already know this behavior from pages and articles and we will encounter it in several other places in Contao. In addition to manual publishing, you also have the option to automatically activate posts on a certain date.

Publish a post: Here you can post your contribution.

Show from: Here you can activate a post on a specific date.

Show until: Here you can deactivate a post on a certain date.

Content for news posts

After we have made the settings for the article, we can add content elements for the output in the “product reader”, click on the desired article Edit contribution and then on Create a new content element New.

All content elements of Contaozur are available in the news items.